Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a vague and complicated disorder characterized by the onset of extreme fatigue that cannot be rationally explained by any underlying medical condition. Physical or mental activity may worsen the severe and debilitating fatigue but oddly does not improve with rest.
The specific, unknown cause of chronic fatigue syndrome has baffled the medical community, although there are many theories — ranging from psychological stress, being born with a genetic predisposition, triggers prompted from an operation or an accident to viral infections.
The majority of experts agree that chronic fatigue syndrome may well be triggered by a combination of factors. The diagnosis of chronic fatigue syndrome is complicated and cannot be confirmed as there is still no single quantitative test to verify this disorder and there is no simple cure. A variety of medical tests need to executed to rule out as the accepted symptoms of CFS can mimic so many other health problems. So you may need to be patient while waiting for an accurate diagnosis.
There are eight official signs and symptoms used to indicate this disorder:
· Ongoing unexplained fatigue
· Extreme exhaustion lasting more than 24 hours after any mental of physical exercise
· Sore throat
· Unexplained painful muscles
· Loss of memory or lack of concentration
· Pain that indiscriminately moves from one joint to another without any actual swelling or redness
· Headache with various pattern or severity
· Enlarged lymph nodes particularly in your neck and armpits
· Un-refreshing and disordered sleep
You may only exhibit one symptom such as tiredness or you may also display a combination or all of the symptoms. Some people experience mild symptoms, and others more intense symptoms.
The level of experience and intensity between people may differ as well with some suffering intense symptoms while others experience bothersome mild symptoms.
It may be a combination of factors that affect people of all kinds of ages, genders and lifestyles and these symptom may be seem nominal, but countless lives are changed drastically and can affect the community in the background.
For example, in society’s youth their schooling and concentrations levels can be severely disrupted while in the older working population, employment becomes unbearable and impossible to accomplish for many.
When to visit your doctor
The problem with fatigue is that it is a common symptom linked with many illnesses, such as psychological disorders and infections. Ordinarily, it is recommended to visit your doctor if you have excessive or persistent fatigue.
CFS can be diagnosed in adults only after they have experienced any of the symptoms for at least five months or more. On the other hand, children would need to display the symptoms for at least three months or more to be diagnosed with CFS.
Factors that may affect Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
CFS has attracted a fair share of controversy to due to its indistinct causation, but there is a degree of consensus on the various factors, which can trigger CFS, some of the factors that have been considered and studied include:
· Viral infections
Even though there have been no conclusive links found between viral infections and CFS, since a significant amount of people developed the insufferable disorder after contracting a viral infection, researchers have began to question whether one of the triggers for the disorder might be a virus.
· Hormonal imbalances
The abnormal blood levels of some hormones produced in the pituitary glands, hypothalamus or adrenal glands is sometimes experienced by chronic fatigue syndrome sufferers. Nevertheless, the significance of these abnormalities in relation CFS is still unknown.
· Below standard immune system
People who suffer with chronic fatigue syndrome appear to have immune systems that are impaired slightly; however, it is uncertain if this singular impairment is enough of a factor to actually cause the disorder.
Since chronic fatigue syndrome directly affects people in many various ways, there is no one standard method of treatment. Instead the treatment provided will be tailored to the individuals set of symptoms. Symptom relief may include certain medications such as antidepressants.
Lifestyle and home remedies
For chronic fatigue syndrome, the individual experiences of this disorder vary greatly from person to person and positive self-care measures may help:
· Reduce stress
Try your best to avoid emotional or mental stresses and limit unnecessarily exerting energy. Take time out every day to allow yourself to relax.
· Improve sleep habits.
Getting enough sleep is significant in battling chronic fatigue syndrome as this disorder is often linked to mood, which can be improved with sufficient sleep. Begin a routine of going to bed at the same time each day. Attempt to limit daytime napping and avoid alcohol, caffeine and nicotine.
Joining a support group can be therapeutic as you get to meet people who also have CFS so you can share your coping techniques with each other and experiment with new managing methods, and use your own judgment to determine what is best for you.